1. Feed the fish at the same time everyday and in the same part of the pond. Fish will get used to this and they will come near the surface of the water. This also makes it easier to see if the fish are eating and growing well. Feeding should be done in the late morning or early afternoon when dissolved oxygen levels are high. Fish will have enough time to recover from the high oxygen-demanding feeding activity before nightfall.
2. Do not over feed the fish, as too much feed will decay and use up too much oxygen in the pond.
3. Stop feeding the fish for at least one day before breeding, harvesting or transporting them. The stress from these events causes the fish to excrete waste, which makes the water turbid. In general, fry can be starved for 24 hours, fingerlings for 48 hours and adult fish for about 72 hours. This enables the fish to digest the food completely before stressful events.