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April 20, 2014

Three Basic Factors That Determine The Success Of Any Fish Farm


It is a reality that there is much money in catfish business. Just like every other lucrative business it has its own dos and don'ts.

Three basic factors that affect the success of fish farm business are:
1. Water supply.
2. Source of juveniles and fingerlings.
3. Feeding.


If all these factors are rightly considered, then success is guaranteed. You may have very good water supply, adequate changing of water and good/ standard juveniles or fingerlings, if you dont feed the fishes well, they wont do well. The type of feed you give to the fish determines the growth, weight and the taste of the fish. There are so many good feeds out there at your reach.

 Download Our Catfish Farming VCD and Manual

April 19, 2014

How Much Feed Will My Fish Eat At Different Stages From Fingerling To Maturity?

Calculate amount of feed your fish will take to table-size:

A fish generally require 10percent of it's body weight as daily ration. It is therefore expected that the daily feed ration increases as fish body weight increases.

Using a pond containing 300 fish as an example: 
-If your fish weighs 5 grams on the average, they require a ration of 10% of their body weight.

-Amount of feed to be fed per day = 5 grams x 10/100 = 0.5 grams feed per fish per day.

-If there are 300 fish in the pond, then; 0.5 g x 300 fish = 150 g of feed should be given to your fishes per day.

-On an average u will need about 15bags to feed them for 5months that is if you only feed with coppens (15kg @ N5,000). That's about N75,000 naira for 5months.

It's good to budget additional 10percent of total feed because fish breed, health status and weather condition influence eating habits.

 Download Our Catfish Farming VCD and Manual

Using Solar Oxygenator to Boost Fish Production

This particular device does not use battery. It mainly use sunlight, even with the type of
weak sun we get in temperate regions, people who have used it there said that even in cloudy weather the device still bubbles pond water, injecting oxygen into it. It's very small and portable and you can use it during the day and in the evening. If you don't want to leave it outside you can easily pack it and keep it inside house and in the morning bring it out again. In essence you use it as at when required. There is also another type that use both solar and battery (rechargeable battery) but its more expensive. Another thing, i don't know if the sun here in Nigeria will be too much for the aerator because that Nigeria sun sometimes dey give me headache o lol. anyway this are the pictures of the device i am tallking about. The Solar Oxygenator is an ingenious air pump suitable for small to medium ponds up to 3000 litres. Working via solar power, this air pump oxygenates pond water in sunny weather when oxygen levels are depleted. Simple to install, no wiring and no running costs. 

Download Our Catfish Farming VCD and Manual

Cost Analysis For A Fish Farm of 10,000 Capacity

Feasibility study prepared for a catfish farm of capacity is 10,000 and fingerlings of high breed catfish where to be stocked. The expenses from pond construction to marketing is in considered. The farm is to have 10 concrete ponds of flow through system and each pond is to contains 1,000 stocked catfish.
Cost of constructing each pond is as follows.

Each pond is 3m x 2.5m by 1.4m, each pond consumes 210 blocks and each bag of cement for 30 blocks. Hence 210 x 10 = 2,100 blocks.
-2,100/30 = 70 bags of cement needed. 70 x 200 = 140,000 naira.
-4trips of sand used =700 x 4 = 28,000 naira.
-2trips of gravel = 32,000 x 2 = 64,000 naira.
-Cost of labour =150,000 naira.
-Cost of plumbing(inlet and outlet facility) = 100,000.
-Cost of bore hole =500,000 naira.
-Cost of treatment= 50,000.
-Cost of high breed fingerlings
-30x10,000=300,000 naira.
-Cost of feeding from day one to maturity stage is
-200 bags of foreign feed = 1,000,000 naira.

After the average weight of the fish was 1.7kg. And it was sold at 800 naira each. The output was 800 x 9800 fishes, due to 200 mortality.
800 x 9800= 7,840,000 naira. Input is 3.4 million naira.

The profit is 4.44 million naira after six months of culture.

N:B: This cost analysis should only be use as a guide/template.

 Download Our Catfish Farming VCD and Manual

Advantages of Bio-disc over some cheaper water Aerators.

Oxygen contains 2 molecules of hydrogen and 1 of oxygen. We all know that when the temperature of your water is about 75 0c (10am to 1pm) oxygen in the water is at its highest and this is the best time to feed your fishes. Imagine if you can retain oxygen in the water throughout the day, it means you can feed anytime of the day and you won't be worried about oxygen reduction even if the pellets fall to the bottom of the pond. For other oxygen pumping devices, we assume that oxygen is abundant in air that is why we use it but most times, yes we pump oxygen plus polluted air so you are back to square 1. Biodisc helps to rejuvenate the molecular structure of any liquid that is passed through the surface of the bio disc,i.e water. It works on the cellular activities of the fishes i.e it increases the wellness of the fish, the rate of feed conversion (FCR) will be high, immune system of the fishes will also very strong.



 Download Our Catfish Farming VCD and Manual

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